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Information About Maharashtra
Information About Maharashtra :- The Yadava or Seuna dynasty ruled from the 12th to the 14th century, after which Maharashtra came under Islamic rule when Alauddin Khilji of the Delhi Sultanate overthrew the Yadava dynasty. The region then came under the rule of the Tughlaqs. After the collapse of the Tughluqs in 1347, the local Bahamani Sultanate of Gulbarga took over, governing the region for the next 150 years. After the break-up of the Bahamani Sultanate in 1518, the region split between five Deccan Sultanates: Nizamshah of Ahmednagar, Adilshah of Bijapur, Qutubshah of Golkonda, Bidarshah of Bidar and Imadshah of Elichpur (now Achalpur in Amravati district). These kingdoms often fought with each other. United, they decisively defeated the Vijayanagara empire of the south in 1565.
The present area of Mumbai was ruled by the Sultanate of Gujarat before it was captured by Portugal in 1535. Similarly, the Khandesh region was ruled by the Faruqi dynasty from 1382 to 1601 before it was annexed by the Mughal empire. The kingdoms were eventually swallowed by the Mughal Empirer or by the emerging Maratha forces in the second half of the 17th century.
The early period of Islamic rule saw atrocities such as imposition of Jaziya tax on non-Muslims, temple demolition and forcible conversions. However, the mainly Hindu population and the Islamic rulers over time came to an accommodation. For most of this period Brahmins were in charge of accounts whereas revenue collection was in the hands of the Marathas who had watans (heredatory rights) of Patilki (revenue collection at village level) and Deshmukhi (revenue collection over a larger area). A number of families such as Bhosale, Shirke, Ghorpade, Jadhav, More, Mahadik, and Gharge loyally served different sultans at different periods in time. Since most of the population was Hindu and spoke Marathi, even the sultans such as Ibrahim Adilshah adopted Marathi as the court language, for administration and record keeping
The name Maharashtra is believed to be originated from rathi, which means chariot driver. Maharashtra entered the recorded history in the 2nd century BC, with the construction of its first Buddhist caves. The name, Maharashtra first appeared in a 7th century in the account of a contemporary Chinese traveler, Huan Tsang. According to the recorded History, the first Hindu King ruled the state during 6th century, based in Badami.
Shivaji Bhosle, the founder of the Maratha Empire, did a lifelong struggle against the Mughals. By 1680, the year of Shivaji’s death, nearly the whole of Deccan belonged to his empire. Shivaji was a great warrior and one of the finest rulers of India, so he holds the highest place in Maratha history.
The death of Aurangzeb in 1707 after an exhausting 27 years of war against the Marathas led to the swift decline of the Mughal empire. The Marathas, under the leadership the Bhat family of Peshwas, rapidly filled the power vacuum and occupied much of the subcontinent in the following decades, and ruled from 1749 to 1818.
Sambhaji succeeded Shivaji, but he is not great as his father Shivaji. 1680 to 1707 is known as the period of instability in the history of Maharashtra. Balaji Vishwanath (1712-1721), Bajirao Peshwa (1721-1740), Nanasaheb Peshwa (1740-1761), ‘Thorale’ Madhaorao Peshwa (1761-1772, Narayanrao Peshwa (1772-1773), ‘Sawai’ Madhaorao Peshwa (1774-1795) and ‘Second’ Bajirao Peshwa – 1795 to 1802 were the other important rulers of Maharashtra.
The fall of Ahmednagar fort in 1803 marked the end of Indian rule and supremacy of British in Deccan. In 1804, General Wellesly proclaimed the Deccan in a state of chaos, established military rule and the Peshwas remained rulers for namesake.
The present state was formed in 1960 with Bombay as the capital, when the Marathi and Gujarati linguistic areas of former Bombay state were separated. Maharashtra became the main channel of cultural exchange between southern to northern India.
Capital Of Maharashtra
Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra
Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra. By area, Maharashtra is the third largest state of India. It is the world’s second most populous sub-national entity. It gives the most business opportunities and also gives a high standard of living. This feature attracts the migrants from all over India. It is the wealthiest and the most developed state in India.
The name of the city, Mumbai is derived from the deity Goddess Mumba Devi. Mumbai earlier also known as Bombay is the capital of Indian state Maharashtra. It’s situated on the West coast of India between 18˚ 52′ and 19˚ 04′ North latitudes and 72˚47′ and 72˚54′ East longitudes. It is surrounded on three sides by water, the open Arabian Sea to the West, Thane Creek to the east, Vasai Creek to the north, and Mahim causeway is lying on the south side.
Mumbai consists of two distinct regions Mumbai City district and the Mumbai Suburban district. The city district region is also commonly referred to as the Island City or South Mumbai. The total area of Mumbai is 603.4 km2. Mumbai City is 67.79 km2, while the suburban district covers 370 km2, together accounting for 437.71 km2 under the administration of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). The remaining areas are out of the jurisdiction of the MCGM & belong to various Defence establishments, the Mumbai Port Trust, the Atomic Energy Commission, and the Borivali National Park
Language of Maharashtra
The state’s official language is Marathi, which is spoken by almost 69% of the total population. Other languages include Hindi, Urdu and Gujarati, while over 10% of the population speaks other dialects. The state has a thriving economy and is considered to be the wealthiest state in India. It is also the most industrialized. Approximately 55% of the population lives in rural areas.
sMaharashtra is a state in the western region of India. It is the third-largest state by area and the second-largest state by population. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Maharashtra in 2011 is 112, 374,333 (11.23 Crore)Maharashtra has a population growth rate during 2011-2021 of 10.78%. Its estimated population in 2021 is 12.43 Crores* an increase of around 1.65 Crore from 2011.
|Maharashtra||Census 2011||2021 Estimates|
|Total Population||112, 374,333 (11.23 Crore)||12.44 Crores|
|Male Population||58,243,056 (5.82 Crores)||6.47 Crores|
|Female Population||54,131,277 (5.4 Crores)||6 Crores|
|Total Area||307,713 km2|
|Average Literacy (%)||82.30%|
Cities in Maharashtra
How many cities in Maharashtra?
There are 43 cities in Maharashtra
District in Maharashtra
Maharashtra is a state in western India. Its second most-populous state in India. As of 2021, there are a total of 36 districts in Maharashtra.
Maharashtra District List
|District||Population (2011)||Area (km2)|
Maharashtra is an Indian state that was formed on 1 May, 1960 with 22 initial districts on 1974. Since then, 14 additional districts have been created, and the state currently has 36 districts. These districts are grouped into six administrative divisions shown below.
There are total 6 neighbouring states of Maharashtra apart from 1 Union Territory. Maharashtra is bordered by the Indian states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Karnataka, Goa and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. 1 UT and 6 states are touching the border of Maharashtra.