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Smallest states in India by Area
Smallest state in India:- Goa state is the smallest state in India by area, followed by second smallest is the Sikkim state, Tripura is the the third smallest, Nagaland with is the fourth smallest, Mizoram is fifth smallest state of India by area wise. Sikkim is the smallest north east state in India by area.
- state Area
- Goa 3,702 sq km
- Sikkim 7,096 sq km
- Tripura 10,486 sq km
- Nagaland 16,579 sq km
- Mizoram 21,081 sq km
- Manipur 22,327 sq km
- Meghalaya 22,429 sq km
Smallest state in India by Population
Sikkim state is the smallest state in India by population with the estimated population of Seven hundred thousand people in 2021, followed by second smallest is the Mizoram state with 1.2 million, Arunachal Pradesh is the the third smallest with 1.52 million. Goa with 1.59 million is the fourth smallest, Nagaland with 2.3 million with fifth smallest state of India by population.
- State Population 2021
- Sikkim 700,251
- Mizoram 1,263,244
- Arunachal Pradesh 1,520,458
- Goa 1,591,250
- Nagaland 2,319,695
- Manipur 3,101,545
Goa is the smallest state in India
The smallest state in India is Goa with an area of 342,239 sq km. This state is not only the smallest one in size but also has the fourth smallest population in the country. The capital of Goa is Panaji. The state lies on the south-western coast of India. It is the 25th Union State and was liberated by Portuguese in the year 1961. This has been one of the reasons why travellers find Goa to have a blend of Portuguese and Indian culture. It is also regarded as the pocket-size Paradise for its exceptional scenic beauty.
The State and Its Marvels
The place offers an amalgamation of sea, sun, and spirituality and of course the seafood. The golden sand beach is one of the attractive elements that make travellers visit Goa time and time again. The coastline stretches along the Arabian Sea and is surrounded by Indian states of Karnataka and Maharashtra. The state is popular for its Spiritual activities, spicy delicacies, and a distinctive cultural spot of the country. And this has been the reason why it was termed as the place to offer the best quality of life in India.
The largest city of the state is Vasco da Gama and Margao the historic city. The influence of the Portuguese cultures brings a lot of foreign travellers and as well the domestic tourists. It also has remarkable flora and fauna as it lies in the Western Ghats range. This is therefore known as the biodiversity hotspot.
History of Goa
It is said that Goa earlier was known as Gomamachala, Gopakapattana, Govapuri, Govem, and Gomantak. The historical rock art engraving in Goa reflects the traces of human life in the country. One can witness the Palaeolithic lifestyle that prevailed in this place at one point in time at Adkon, Fatorpora, Dabolim, and places as such. Further, the early Goan culture is based on the collaboration of Dravidian and Indo Aryan migrants mixed with the aboriginal locals.
One of the must mention things about Goa is that it was a part of the Mauryan Empire ruled by King Ashoka of Magadha. Goa along with Daman and Diu was the centrally administered Union Territory of India. However, in 1987 the Union Territory was divided and thus Goa became the 25th state of India.
Rivers and the Sea Influencing Goa’s Climate
There are seven major rivers in Goa which are Zuari, Mandovi, Terekhol, Chapora, Sal, Kambarjua Canal, and Talpona. On the mouth of the River Zauri lies Moromugao harbour which is referred to as the best natural harbours in South Asia. As this state is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, it has a hot and humid climate for a significant part of the year.
Goa: A Global Holiday Destination
Goan culture and cuisine- the delectable fish curry and bhali pau, colonial architecture, yoga sessions on the beach during sunrise- everything makes Goa one of the charming states in India. Even though it is the smallest state of the country it does not lack attention from national and international tourists. The whitewashed churches and the crumbling forts, and the beautiful music and catholic ceremonies magnify the beauty of this state manifold.
Sikkim second smallest state in India
Sikkim, state in India,is located in the northeastern part of the country, in the eastern Himalayas. It is one of the smallest states in India. Sikkim is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and northeast, by Bhutan to the southeast, by the Indian state of West Bengal to the south, and by Nepal to the west. The capital is Gangtok, in the southeastern part of the state
A part of the Eastern Himalaya, Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical climates, as well as being a host to Kangchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth. Sikkim’s capital and largest city is Gangtok. Almost 35% of the state is covered by the Khangchendzonga National Park.
Long a sovereign political entity, Sikkim became a protectorate of India in 1950 and an Indian state in 1975. Its small size notwithstanding, Sikkim is of great political and strategic importance for India because of its location along several international boundaries. Area 2,740 square miles (7,096 square km). Pop. (2011) 607,688.
People and Culture
The People of Sikkim consist of three ethnic groups, that is, Lepcha, Bhutia and Nepali. Communities of different hues intermingle freely in Sikkim to constitute a homogenous blend. Hindu Temples coexist with Buddhist Monasteries, Churches, Mosque and Gurudwara. The predominant Communities are Lepchas, Bhutias and Nepalese.
These myriad Cultures has produced a quintessential Sikkimese Culture that encompasses all ways and walk of life, but has also managed to preserve their own identity. These can also be seen in the various places of Worship, Festivals and Cultural dances that are celebrated through the year