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Himachal Pradesh goes back to around two million years. These unique occupants of Himachal, the Kols and the Mundas, were constrained by the general population of the incomparable Indus valley human advancement to climb to the slopes. The Indus valley development thrived here somewhere in the range of 2250 and 1750 BC. The second rush of vagrants to the state saw Mongoloid, as Bhota and Kiratas coming in. In any case, the most critical parcel of individuals entered the zone just a short time later in the third influx of movement.
These were Aryans from Central Asia. The Aryans contributed tremendously in making the way of life of the Himachal as it is today.
Himachal Pradesh was built up in 1948 as a Chief Commissioner’s Province inside the Union of India. The state comprised some of the hill districts around Shimla and southern slope regions of the previous Punjab area. Himachal turned into a section C state on 26 January 1950 with the usage of the Constitution of India. Himachal Pradesh turned into a Union Territory on 1 November 1956. The new state appeared on 25 January 1971. Along these lines Himachal rose as the eighteenth state of the Indian Union.
In prior occasions, the zone was differently separated among littler kingdoms, for example, those of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami. After the Gurkha War of 1815– 1816, it turned out to be a piece of the British India.
Capital of Himachal Pradesh
- Shimla is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
- In 1864, Shimla was declared as the summer capital of British India, succeeding Murree, northeast of Rawalpindi.
Shimla is the Capital Town of Himachal Pradesh. It was formerly the summer capital during the British Rule. The town of Shimla is built over several hills and connecting ridges. The important hills are Jakhu(8050 ft), Prospect Hill (7140 ft), Observatory Hill ( 7050 ft), Elysium Hill (7400 ft), and Summer Hill (6900 ft). There is a great controversy over the origin of the name Shimla. The name Shimla was derived from ‘Shyamalaya’ meaning blue house said to be the name of house built of blue slate by a faqir on Jakhu. According to one version Shimla takes it name from ‘Shamla’ meaning a blue female another name for Goddess Kali.
The place was on the Jakhu Hillside, there was a temple of Goddess Kali. During the British period the image of the Goddess was shifted to a new place ,now famous Kali Bari Temple. Shimla remained unnoticed during the Gurkha War. It was only in 1819 A.D. that the then Assistant Political Agent of hill states Lt. Ross set up first British residence, a mere wood cottage. His successor Lt. Charles Patt Kennedy’ errected the first pucca house in 1822 named after Lt. Kennedy as ‘Kennedy House’.
The construction of Hindustan Tibet road was started in 1850-51 commencing from Kalka and first lap was upto Shimla. The Road upto Shimla came to be used for wheeled traffic by 1860. A 560 feet long tunnel was constructed beyond Sanjauli.
In 1864 Shimla was declared as the summer capital of India. After Independence, Shimla became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh. In 1903 a rail line was constructed between Kalka and Shimla.
Shimla has been blessed with all the natural bounties, one can think of. Dwelling on a panoramic location, the hilly town is surrounded by green pastures and snow-capped peaks. The spectacular cool hills accompanied by the structures made during the colonial era create an aura, which is very different from other hill stations. Bulging at its seams with unprecedented expansion, Shimla retains its colonial heritage, with grand old buildings, among them are the stately Viceregal Lodge, Charming iron lamp posts and Anglo-Saxon names.
The Mall, packed with shops and eateries, is the centre of attraction of the town, and Scandal Point, associated with the former Maharaja of Patiala’s escapades, offers a view of distant snow clad peaks. In 1946 leaders of the Indian nationalist movement came to Shimla for a crucial conference that paved the way to Independence.
The completion of the Kalka-Shimla narrow-gauge railway line, in 1903, gave a fillip to the towns development. After Independence, Shimla was initially the capital of Punjab. Following the creation of Himachal Pradesh, in 1966, it was designated the capital of the Himachal Pradesh.
Places toh visit in Himachal
- Kullu-Manali – Country’s Famous Hill Station
- Shimla – The Capital Of Himachal Pradesh
- Dharamshala – The Residence Of Dalai Lama
- Kasauli– The Gateway To Himachal
- Bir Billing – An Adventure-Seeker’s Paradise
- Malana – To Get Your Spirits High!
- Dalhousie – Mini Switzerland Of India
- Spiti + Tabo + Kaza– Offbeat Destinations For Avid Travelers
- Kasol – Trek To Your Heart’s Delight
- Khajjiar – A Perfect Family Getaway Awaits
- Mashobra – A Well-kept Secret
- Palampur – Dotted With Tea Gardens
- Kinnaur – Apples And Colorful Ethnicity
- Kufri – The Snowy Retreat
- Chail – The Untouched Gem
- McLeod Ganj – Little Lhasa
- Chitkul – Last Village Of India
- Solang Valley – For Adventure Lovers
- Shoghi – Impeccable Beauty
- Tirthan Valley – Adventurous Expedition
- Narkanda – Vacay Amidst Nature
- Barot – Unexplored Landscapes
- Chamba – Pristine Beauty
- Mandi – Varanasi Of Hills
- Nahan – Lofty Shivalik Range
- Kangra – Mystic Town
- Bhuntar – National Parks And Religious Sites
- Bilaspur (HP) – India’s First Planned Hill Station
- Kalpa – Beautiful Monasteries
- Tattapani – Hot Sulphur Spring
- Shoja – Pure Hidden Gem
- Manikaran Sahib – Hot Springs Of Himachal
- Solan – Mushroom Capital Of India
- Sangla – Most Charming Valleys
- Nalagarh – Known For Its Serenity
- Parwanoo – Captivating Ambience Of Hill Station
- Naggar – Mesmerizing Landscapes
- Arki – Serene Town In Solan
- Sarchu – Camping Redefined
- Rumsu – Scenic And Surreal
- Paonta Sahib – Religiously Rich
- Keylong – Spiritual Vibes
- Losar – The Tibetan Vibe
- Lahaul Valley – Surreal And Magical
- Jibhi – An Offbeat Place
- Theog – A quiet escape
- Tosh – Unparalleled Natural Beauty
- Sarahan – A Beautiful Hamlet
*Map of Himachal Pradesh with districts, railways, rivers and major road network.