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How many countries in Asia?
There are 48 countries in Asia today, according to the United Nations. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). Below is a list of all the Asian countries and territories, in order of geographical area. Asia’s total geographical area is 44,526,316 km
Being the biggest continent in the world, Asia includes 50 independent countries and occupies the eastern part of the single Eurasian landmass. Surrounded by the Arctic Ocean from the north, by the Pacific Ocean from the east and by the Indian Ocean from the south, it is separated from Africa by Suez Canal. The Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea separate Asia from Europe, farther the overland border runs through the Caucasus Mountains, the Caspian Sea, the Ural River, and the Ural Mountains. This boundary crosses through the territory of Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey, so these states are in both continents.
Armenia and Cyprus geographically are in Asia, but politically and culturally they also are considered as a part of Europe. The largest of the Asian countries by area is Russia, which occupies about 30% of the total territory of the continent. The smallest one of the independent states is the Maldives. It is an archipelago of islands famous for its beach resorts.
The most visited by tourists country in this region is China as a huge cultural center, followed by no less popular destinations like India, Thailand, Malaysia, Turkey.
The United Nations divides Asia into five different subregions for statistical purposes. These subregions and the countries included in them have been described below:
Map Of Asia
- East Asia
- South-East Asia
- South Asia
- Central Asia
- Western Asia
East Asia Countries
South-East Asia Countries
South Asia Countries
Central Asia Countries
West Asia Countries
|State of Palestine||6,220|
|United Arab Emirates||83,600|
How Many Countries Are There In Asia?
|29||North Korea||Eastern Asia||25,666,160|
|34||Saudi Arabia||Western Asia||34,268,530|
|36||South Korea||Eastern Asia||51,709,100|
|37||Sri Lanka||Southern Asia||21,803,000|
|38||State of Palestine||Western Asia||4,685,310|
|45||United Arab Emirates||Western Asia||9,770,530|
The Top 5 Richest Countries In Asia?
Based on GDP per capita, Qatar is the richest country in both Asia and the world. This country is in the Middle East in the Arabian Peninsula and its capital is Doha. Zenith-spot explains that this country has the third largest supply of gas and oil reserves in the world, which is one reason for Qatar’s high economic income. It also has a very high human development index ranking. Other than gas and oil, some of the most important industries to the economy of Qatar include ammonia, fertilizer, petrochemicals, cement, ship repair, and reinforcing steel.
In the second position is Singapore, which is a small island country located by the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. Zenith-spot says that Singapore is the third leading financial center in the world and that it plays an important role in international finance and trade. It has been the fastest growing economy in the world since 2010 and this is predominantly because of its exports and the processing of imported goods. Important industries in this country include manufacturing, mechanical engineering, electronics, biomedical sciences, and petroleum processing
3. Brunei Darussalam
Brunei Darussalam, often simply referred to as Brunei, is the third richest country in Asia and the fifth richest country in the world based on GDP per capita. This country is located on the island of Borneo in the Indonesian Archipelago. According to The Commonwealth, the oil and gas sectors dominate the economy in this country and it ranks so highly because it has a small population. Industry accounts for 71.7 percent of this countries GDP.
4. United Arab Emirates
The economy of the United Arab Emirates is the second highest in the Middle East, the fourth highest in Asia, and the eighth highest in the world. According to Heritage, the UAE has one of the freest economies in the Middle East and oil and gas remain two of the most important sector. Other industries that play an important role in the economy of this country are real estate and exports. The government is currently pushing for a boost in entrepreneurship. This country has an extremely low unemployment rate of just 1.7 percent.
Theodora says that one reason that this country’s economy is so strong is that it holds approximately six percent of the world’s crude oil reserves. Half of the country’s GDP is accounted for by petroleum. Other industries that may a significant contribution to Kuwait’s economy include cement, shipbuilding, food processing, water desalination, and construction materials.
5 Largest Countries In Asia
Russia is not only the largest country in Asia, but is also the largest country in the world. It covers a total area of 17,075,200 square km (6,612,100 square miles) and is home to 144,463,451 people. The capital of Russia is Moscow. The country is so large that it stretches across 11 distinct time zones. Russia encompasses a number of geographic features, including plains, semi-desert, mountains, coastlines, and tundra. This wide variety of habitats supports a significant number of plant and animal species. To help conserve this high level of biodiversity, Russia has protected 40 areas as UNESCO biosphere reserves.
The second largest country in Asia is China, which covers an area of around 9.5 million square km (3.7 million square miles). China has a population size of just over 1.403 billion, making it the most populated country in the world. The capital of China is Beijing. Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world, is located in the country and forms the border between China and Nepal. Additionally, China is home to several ecosystems, including the Gobi Desert, the Tibetan Plateau, subtropical forests, and shores along the Pacific Ocean. Politically, China is divided into provinces (22), autonomous regions (5), controlled municipalities (4), and special administrative regions (2).
India is the third largest Asian nation. It covers an area of over 3.2 million square km (1.269 million square miles). Additionally, it has a population of more than 1.324 billion individuals, making it the second most populated country in the world. The country makes up the vast majority of the Indian Peninsula and has coastlines along the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean. Inland, it is home to a variety of habitats, including the Thar Desert in the west, the Himalayan mountain range in the north, and the Indo-Gangetic watershed region in the north and east.
The fourth largest country in Asia is Kazakhstan, which covers 2.7 million square km (1,052,100 square miles). Kazakhstan is located in Central Asia and shares borders with the Caspian Sea, Russia, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and China. The country has a population size of nearly 18 million, the majority of whom are ethnic Kazakhs. Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked nation in the world and is home to the Kazakh Steppe. The arid steppe region covers 310,600 square miles, making it the largest in the world.
5. Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia is the fifth largest country in Asia and is located in the Arabian Peninsula, where it covers 2,149,690 square km (830,000 square miles). It has a total population size of approximately 33 million individuals. The country has coastlines on both the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, and the majority of its area is characterized by dry, desert lands. Saudi Arabia is home to the second largest oil reserve in the world and relies on the petroleum industry as a large part of its economy. In fact, the country is the largest producer and exporter of oil in the world.